Aikido (in Japanese translation “ay” – “harmony”, “ki” – “energy”, “before” – “way, way”) is a martial art created in the first half of the 20th century by the Japanese Morihei Ueshiba and representing a synthesis his studies of various methods of combat, philosophical concepts and religious views. Ueshiba sought to create and spread as much as possible the direction of Budo, which makes it possible to resolve conflicts with minimal damage to both sides (attacking and defending).
The emphasis in aikido is on merging with the enemy’s attack power and redirecting the attacker’s energy (while many martial arts are based on a force encounter with force). To master this complex art, you will have to deal not only with the development of various defense and attack techniques, increasing strength, endurance, quick reaction, etc., but also devote a lot of time to controlled relaxation of the body and mind, training of consciousness, development of spirit and strength (” ki “).
Modern, constantly accelerating pace of life in society requires from the person a virtuoso ability to own his feelings and emotions, to control the situation, to withstand ever increasing mental loads. Yes, and to maintain the physical body in a proper form to people, especially those engaged in business or intellectual work, is becoming increasingly difficult.
Oriental martial arts is one of the ways to solve emerging problems, but quite often a person who is trying to learn something about one or another direction of martial arts is confronted with erroneous ideas or frank myths about how, whom, and what is taught by the masters of his chosen school . We will try to talk as much as possible about one of these schools, incidentally making the maximum effort to debunk the most enduring and known myths about aikido.
Getting acquainted with the martial arts world is best with aikido.
Many experts recommend first to devote a few years to the study of more rigid styles, and only after that start to comprehend Aikido. It should be noted that most masters of this direction preferred this way.
Aikido is less significant than other martial arts.
This opinion is most often expressed by people who are familiar with Aikido only by hearsay. In fact, the world of martial arts is one and, besides, between different Budo schools there is an active exchange of techniques and movements.
Aikido training does not involve working with weapons.
Absolutely mistaken opinion. After all, the founder of this martial art skillfully wielded a sword and a spear, was the division champion in fencing on bayonets. This experience was by no means discarded by him as superfluous. On the contrary, the meaning of aikido (in any case, most of the defense and attack movements that make up the base of this martial art) can be understood only by mastering the weapon of the samurai. In addition, some movements were designed in terms of a certain kind of warrior outfit – this should also be taken into account when comprehending aikido.
The term “aiki” first appeared in 1922
when Sokaku Taked, who once taught Ueshibu Daito-ryu jujutsu, came to his former student to help him teach the art of fighting the followers of the Omoto sect. Upon discovering that Morihei changed Daito-ryu techniques, Sokaku was much upset by this fact, and agreed with Ueshiba that for the name of the new style, Budo O-Sensei will use the term “aiki” (Daito-ryu aikijujutsu instead of Daito-ryu jujutsu “). It is also believed that the term was chosen with the active participation of the co-founder of the Omoto sect, Onisaburo Deguchi. After a while, Sokaku Taked also began using the term “Daito-ryu aikijutsu” to describe the martial art he taught. Son Sokaku, Tokimune, claimed that his father, depending on the nature and abilities of the students, those who trained only the physical body, taught “ju-jitsu”, and reached a higher level – a more perfect “aiki”.
при The term “Aikido” was invented by Morihei Ueshiba.
Indeed, many believe that O-sensei, through this term (“aikido” translates as “the path (up to) harmonization (ai) of universal energy (ki)”) wanted to reflect the spiritual essence of the art he created, contributing to the establishment of peace and harmony at all levels of the human being. In fact, Ueshiba has nothing to do with the emergence of this term.
Only the founder Morihei Ueshiba owned the art of Aikido.
Indeed, the skill level of O-Sensei is extremely high. But, at the same time, Ueshiba has trained a lot of students (including Europeans) who demonstrate quite good results, and, in addition, a creative, innovative approach to this art of fighting.
To describe the Budo of Morihei Ueshiba, such terms as “Ueshiba-ryu ju-jutsu”, “Aiki-ju-jutsu”, “Daito-ryu Aiki-bujutsu”, “Asahi-ryu ju-jutsu” and “Aiki budo “, and most often used the last of these terms. This state of affairs took place before 1942. It was then that Dai Nihon Butokukai, the organization of martial arts, which was controlled by the Japanese military government during the war, began work on standardizing the terminology used for contemporary martial arts. It was at one of the meetings that the term “aikido” was officially approved (and Morihei himself was not even present at that – only Minoru Hirai, the chief administrator of the Kobukan Dojo Morihei) was in the room.
You can achieve success in mastering aikido in a short time, following an individual program and working out for a long time every day, or for several decades of continuous training.
Undoubtedly, daily training, persistence in achieving this goal give definite results. But, at the same time, much depends on the teacher and on how the student understands the essence of the elected Budo.
Aikido can only be used for protection.
This opinion is not without reason. The fact is that at the time when aikido was created, in many countries (including Japan) martial arts were officially banned. Only by supplementing aikido with lengthy arguments about nonviolence, the use of enemy force against himself, the interaction of energies, O-Sensei managed to overcome bureaucratic obstacles and not cause dissatisfaction with the authorities. With close study, you can see that in this art there are both ways of protection, and the strategy of attack (which, by the way, protection often goes through). After all, the basis of this martial art is the knowledge and skills acquired over the centuries in bloody skirmishes for life and death. In such conditions, only universal schools survived, comprehensively preparing the pupil for the conduct of real combat.
Aikido can be divided into “hard” (or militant) and “soft”, deprived of any aggression art.
This is not true. Aikido is a holistic, self-sufficient system, and the techniques look “mild” only for beginners – masters in sparring demonstrate rigidity (let us recall at least the speeches of Ueshiba and Gozo Shioda). The above division occurs only because some instructors do not like any of the mutually complementary components of this martial art.
There is no competition for aikido, therefore, it is impossible to determine which of the students achieved what.
Indeed, there are no sparrings for the winner in Aikido, but even during the normal training, it is easy to determine who mastered this martial art better.
Aikido has many tricks to win.
In fact, the art of aikido is a system of principles of the movement of Nature, using which you can solve any conflict with the least damage to yourself and to the attacker. After all, the main principle of Aikido: “To protect yourself from the blow and keep the enemy from their application.”
Having mastered the techniques of aikido, a weak girl will easily be able to defeat a tall, strong man.
In creating aikido, Ueshiba, as a true patriot, believed that this martial art would help the Japanese find themselves, regain lost morale, and improve the moral climate of the nation. Therefore, physical and spiritual weakness in Aikido is by no means welcomed, and certainly not cultivated. But the ability to control your strength and the strength of the attacker really gives you the opportunity to defeat a stronger opponent.
Aikido is most often practiced by physically weak or painful people in order to diversify their leisure time.
Absolutely mistaken opinion. Competently taught aikido is a real test for the strength of both the physical body and the spirit of the student. Thanks to this art, a person can get rid of external and internal blocks, clamps and erroneous ideas about the world and about oneself. The result of the lessons is not only finding the ability to control any conflict situation (and not necessarily reducible to “disassembly” on the physical level), but also to win over your own fears and weaknesses, gain harmony with yourself and nature.
It does not matter where and how the aikido teacher gained knowledge. For a long time, martial arts have been banned, therefore, studying Budo from books (sometimes not quite translated and not very legibly rewritten manually) became common, and later on video cassettes. If your sensei was trained in the art of aikido in this way, and even his “hand” applied to the enrichment of this martial art with new techniques, movements and principles – do not waste time studying what the person is teaching. True skill is transmitted from heart to heart, from a teacher who knows and knows how, to the student. Only in this case can you understand the true essence of Aikido.