In the history of human civilization there are many abandoned cities, where the inhabitants no longer return. In these places everything is immobilized, the buildings live out their time alone.
There may be many reasons for this – migration, wars, natural disasters. However, in any case, such places remain in the history of mankind bright, albeit a flipped page. After all, the spirit of a once living people, secular secrets is stored here.
The cities seem to wait for their time, when they can tell the whole world their story. Some of the cities will remain uncharted forever, and some of them will be just a legend.
Nevertheless, we will talk about such cities that are of interest to historians, tourists and archaeologists. We suggest you yourself to determine what is true here, and what is a myth.
This distant abandoned city can rightly be considered the most unexplored of the mysterious of all that has ever been studied by people. Machu Picchu is lonely located near the Urubamba valley in Peru, no one has found it, studied it, or touched it until 1911, when historian Giram Bingham visited him. Then the whole world and learned about the abandoned city. It is already known that Machu Picchu was divided into districts, there were more than 140 various stone buildings. According to rumors, the city originated here in the 15th century thanks to the Incas. However, a century later Machu Picchu was abandoned, probably due to a terrible epidemic of smallpox brought from Europe. Historians argue about why the Incas built a city in such a strange place. Someone argues that there is a sacred land, and someone claims that the buildings served as a giant prison. However, recent studies have shown that the mysterious city was built here on the orders of the Inca emperor Pachacuti. Machu Picchu was built near the mountains specially, since it corresponded to the ancient astrological mythology of the Inca tribe.
Everyone heard about the history of the sunken island with the city-country. Now the legend of Atlantis is considered to be a myth, invented by Plato in 360 BC. The philosopher described an island with a developed civilization that had a powerful sea power. Plato argued that Atlantis occupied most of the European territory, while due to natural disasters did not go under water. Although Plato’s story is considered an invention, his description of a powerful and ancient civilization was so vivid and impressive that many writers and travelers are still looking for a lost island. It is not clear even where to look for a lost country, because over it the seam of the sea or the ocean splashes. According to some sources, it was located slightly to the west of Gibraltar, and to others, in general in place of the present Mediterranean Sea.
The Roman city of Pompeii was destroyed in 79 AD. due to the eruption of the volcano Vesuvius. Then in the city lived about 20,000 people. After the eruption of the volcano, the townspeople hurriedly left their homes, leaving all property in panic. As a result, under the layer of ashes were buried not only all buildings, but also about 2000 townspeople. The city remained hidden until 1748, until it was discovered by workers who built the palace to the King of Naples. Since then, Pompeii has become the subject of archaeologists and historians from around the world. And it is not surprising, because thanks to the volcano the architecture of the city remained intact. On the territory of Pompeii, a huge number of sculptures and frescos have been found, which enable modern people to learn more about how ancient Rome lived. Today this place near Naples is very popular among tourists.
In one of the regions of Cambodia, Angkor is located, which was the seat of the Khmer empire from 800 BC. before 1400 AD. When the Thai army invaded here in 1431, the city was on the brink of destruction. People left here, and the once powerful capital of the empire was abandoned and overgrown with jungles. The existence of Angkor was forgotten for a long time, until in 1800 a group of French archaeologists found it.Then people began to study and restore the abandoned city. It turned out that the area area of Angkor is not inferior to the current Los Angeles. As a result, this ancient city became known as the largest ancient city in the world. The local temple of Angkor Wat is considered in general the largest architectural monument ever to exist.
The first mention of this city appeared 2,500 years ago, although the city existed from 3100 BC. Once Memphis was considered the capital of Ancient Egypt. The city had a strategic location between Upper and Lower Egypt. For hundreds of years the civilization developed here, but with the advent of Alexandria the city fell into decay. In its heyday the population of Memphis was more than 30 thousand people, which made it the largest city of antiquity. Sand, silt and time hid an abandoned city. The city was discovered only in 1800 during the Napoleonic expedition. Over time, a detailed study of the sphinxes, statues and tombs that were located here began. Today, Memphis is an open-air museum, excavations are slow because of the high level of groundwater and private property in this area. As a result, some parts of the city remained unexplored archaeologists and historians.
The basis of the legends about this place was the story of how King Zipa used to decorate his body with golden sand, washing it off then with himself in the sacred lake of Guatavita. Such an ancient tradition existed in the ancient civilization of Muusic in South America. Despite its legendary character, the empire of Eldorado (or El Dorado) is, most likely, a myth. Rumors have a mysterious rich city in the jungles of South America. The very same word in Spanish means “golden.” They say that the king ruled in the city, which had fabulous reserves of gold and diamonds. Precious metals were lying under their feet like cobblestones. Over time, the city was captured by neighboring hostile tribes, and he depopulated, disappearing into the green sea of the jungle. In their midst, several expeditions tried to find traces of a mysterious city, the most famous of them was held in 1541 under the leadership of Gonzalo Pizarro. Traces of the legendary country have not been found, as well as jewelry. Adventurers were actively interested in Eldorado for 250 years. Today, this country has remained only a symbol of unattainable wealth.
The most beautiful city on our list is this one. It is located in Jordan, near the Dead Sea, in the narrow canyon Sik. It is believed that there was once the center of trade of the ancient Nabatiye kingdom, because there were trade routes from the Red Sea to Damascus and from the Persian Gulf to the Mediterranean Sea. Visitors of the city are most impressed by the exquisite stone architecture, which from the surrounding rocks was hollowed out long ago by locals. This served, moreover, a reliable fortification for the ancient city. It is still unclear, with the help of which technologies it was possible to create such a masterpiece. Petra flourished for several centuries, until it was gradually destroyed by the Romans and nature. As a result, the terrain was absorbed for a long time by the desert. In 1812, the city was found by the Swiss Burkhard, since then there have been tourists from all over the world every year. Particular attention is attracted to the Treasury – a majestic building with a facade carved directly into the rock.
Lost city Z.
The finding of the legendary city is known only approximately – the middle of the Brazilian jungle. It is believed that it was quite developed – there were bridges, temples and roads. I started talking about the mysterious city with the document “Manuscript 512”, found by the Portuguese. Some researchers claimed that in the records of gold mines they saw this place in 1753. It is stated that the dead city had signs of Greco-Roman civilization. However, no subsequent expeditions yielded results.The lost terrain also gained its fame due to the disappearance of the famous English traveler Percy Fawcett, who disappeared in 1925, trying to find the lost city of Z. A book was written about the legendary place, a film was made and even a computer game was created.
This Greek city is famous for the epics of Homer. It was Troy that became the first legendary city located on the territory of present-day Turkey. In general, people lived on this place since 3000 BC. Scientists discovered nine layers of the ancient city, which was then dying, then resurrected. According to the legends, the famous Trojan War once thundered here, these events belong to the 7th layer. In those days, Troy was a perfectly fortified and protected place, the city was located on a hill near the river Skamander. A small distance from the sea made it possible to avoid sea attacks, and the nearby plains contributed to the development of agriculture. Excavations showed that in the Homeric epoch the population of the city was 6-10 thousand, which was quite a lot for that time. For a long time, the very existence of Troy was considered a myth, but in 1870 the German archaeologist Henry Schliemann discovered traces of the settlement. Now the area has become unattractive – here excavations are constantly conducted, tourists are subjected to looting. Most of the finds of Schliemann from different layers today are in Russia, in the Pushkin Museum and the Hermitage.
City of the Caesars.
And this city is just a myth. The city of Caesars, also known as the Wandering City or the City of Patagonia, was once located in the most southerly part of South America. Abandoned city in Patagonia and found, that’s why it is considered to be his legend. According to rumors, the city was once found by the Spaniards, who were shipwrecked nearby. In the City of the Caesars, a large number of diamonds and gold were discovered. The adventurers were not deterred by the legend that 10 meter giants and ghosts lived in the city. But the researchers, not finding traces of the city, did a lot to study these unexplored hitherto places.
50 kilometers from Mexico City is an abandoned ancient city, the first of the largest in the western hemisphere. Teotihuacanu almost 2 thousand years, but it became a major center only in the 2nd century. After 5 centuries the city was abandoned, although during its heyday in the city lived more than 150 thousand people. The Aztecs came here much later, finding only ruins. The city was built according to a clear plan – the streets intersected at right angles. All the houses were single-story, without windows. In the city there was a clear way, tough rulers were helped by priests who knew astronomy well and followed social life. It is for sure not known what destroyed this ancient metropolis at the time of its greatest flowering. According to one version, this was due to the invasion of militant neighbors, and according to another, an uprising of slaves occurred, which destroyed Teotihuacan almost to the ground. Only now there are no signs of violence, which adds to the mysteriousness of this city.